A head injury can change your life. In nearly 300,000 documented incidents per year in the U.S., head injuries lead to severe complications. Head injuries are often referred to as a traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI occurs when the soft tissue of the brain is damaged.
TBI generally arises from severe head trauma or rapid movements of the neck, like whiplash. Most often, TBI is caused by heavy, blunt trauma to the head. Common causes of TBI include:
- Auto accidents: Head trauma and whiplash from auto accidents are the second-leading cause of TBI-related hospital visits. Whiplash can cause repeated impacts of the brain against the skull.
- Falls: Accounting for over half of TBI cases per year, falls can cause serious head injury and injury to the brain.
- Brain impairment: This includes restricted oxygen flow, poisoning or severe infections.
Symptoms of a TBI
The effects of a traumatic brain injury differ depending on the injury. Symptoms of TBI can include:
- Memory impairment
- Loss of balance
- Lack of coordination
- Difficulty reasoning
- Decreased motor skills
- Reduced strength and endurance
- Trouble understanding language
- Persistent headaches
- Difficulty sleeping
- Ringing in the ears
- Increased sensitivity to lights and sounds
Damage Caused by a TBI
Three parts of the brain are most vulnerable to TBI: the brain stem, temporal/side lobes and frontal lobes. Victims of a brain stem injury may become disoriented, hostile or frustrated. Temporal lobe damage can impact memory ability and cause behavioral disorders. Frontal lobe damage, the most common type of TBI, affects judgment and decision-making abilities.
TBI can result in an inability to work and years of lost wages. In severe instances, TBI can lead to death. According to the CDC, over 52,000 people died from complications related to TBI in 2016. Following a traumatic brain injury, symptoms could last for days or remain for life.
Types of Brain Injuries
Traumatic brain injuries fall into three classifications: mild, moderate and severe. Mild TBI can lead to serious complications, and it may take months or years for symptoms to develop. Types of brain injuries include:
- Concussions: A head injury may cause unconsciousness for a few seconds or up to several minutes. Concussions can cause permanent damage. Headaches, nausea, dizziness and confusion are symptoms of concussions.
- Contusion: Bruises on the brain require immediate attention. Brain contusions can create pressure in the skull and restrict oxygen flow. Multiple bruises increase complications.
- Diffuse anoxal injury: Unlike a single brain contusion, diffuse anoxal injuries involve damage spread over a large area of the brain. These injuries typically result from rapid acceleration and deceleration, causing the brain to strike the skull repeatedly.
- Penetrating injuries: Impacts on the head can push skull matter and foreign objects into brain tissue, causing widespread TBI. Penetrating injuries can lead to disability or death and require immediate treatment.
Pennsylvania Brain Injury Lawyers in Lancaster
Head injuries could be the result of an intentional act, accident or negligent medical care. If a head injury is the result of another person’s actions, an injury attorney can hold them liable for the pain and suffering caused.
The State of Pennsylvania places a two-year limit on claims for TBI. Symptoms can take time to develop and may be difficult to connect to a head injury. If you suspect you have a TBI, consult with medical professionals immediately. Contact our head injury attorneys in Lancaster to take the necessary course of action and recover the damages you deserve.
If you or a loved one is suffering from the effects of TBI, turn to KBG Injury Law. Our firm has over 30 years of experience specializing in injury law. Request a free consultation or call 800-509-1011 to speak to an experienced Lancaster brain injury lawyer.